Hieronymus van Aken Bosch, 1450-1516
Born to a family of Dutch and German painters as Jeronimus van Aken, he spent his entire artistic career in the small Dutch town of Hertogenbosch, from which he derived his name.
Hieronymous Bosch produced some of the most inventive fantasy paintings that have ever existed.
He produced several triptychs, works of three paintings on wooden panels that are attached to each other.
Known for his enigmatic panels illustrating complex religious subjects with fantastic, often demonic imagery.
Among his most famous is The Garden of Earthly Delights. This triptych depicts paradise with Adam and Eve and many wondrous animals on the left panel, the earthly delights with numerous nude figures and tremendous fruit and birds on the middle panel, and hell with depictions of fantastic punishments of the various types of sinners on the right panel. When the exterior panels are closed the viewer can see, painted in grisaille, God creating the earth.
Bosch's paintings show men and women engaging in various sins, often of the flesh, and depict bizarre half-human, half-animal beings or weird figures that are part-human and part-machine.
Bosch used images of demons, half-human animals and machines to evoke fear and confusion to portray the evil of man. The works contain complex, highly original, imaginative, and dense use of symbolic figures and iconography, some of which was obscure even in his own time.